Network UPS Tools
Power Devices support
Table of Contents

Introduction

This document specifies a standard protocol for UPS manufacturers to use in the design and implementation of a UPS serial interface.

Definition of available UPS parameters

Note Length is defined as the number of bytes that may be sent from the UPS to the host. The UPS may send less than the maximum number of bytes. Length will apply only to variables of the type string. Range is defined as the minimum and maximum integer values which may be sent from the UPS to the host. The integer values may be zero padded, but this is not required. Range will apply only to variables of the type integer. In some instances, only a defined set of integer values will be accepted by the host. This set will be specified in the description field.

Identification Group

Parameter Name Type Length Description

Manufacturer

string

0 to 32

Name of the UPS manufacturer.

Model

string

0 to 64

UPS Model designation.

Software version

string

0 to 32

UPS firmware/software version.

Identification

string

0 to 64

String identifying the UPS.

Battery Group

Parameter Name Type Range Description

Battery Condition

integer

0 to 2

  • 0 = Good

  • 1 = Weak

  • 2 = Replace

Battery Status

integer

0 to 2

  • 0 = Battery OK

  • 1 = Battary Low

  • 2 = Battery Depleted

Battery Charge

integer

0 to 3

  • 0 = Floating

  • 1 = Charging

  • 2 = Resting

  • 3 = Discharging

Seconds on Battery

integer

0 to 99999

Seconds since UPS switched to battery.

Estimated Minutes

integer

0 to 999

Estimated time to battery charge depletion.

Estimated Charge

integer

0 to 999

Estimate of percent baattery charge remaining.

Battery Voltage

integer

0 to 9999

Battery voltage in 0.1 volts DC.

Battery Current

integer

0 to 9999

Battery current in 0.1 amps DC.

Battery Temperature

integer

0 to 99

Battery temperature in degrees Celsius.

Input Group

Parameter Name Type Range Description

Input Line Bads

integer

0 to 999

Number of out of tolerange conditions.

Input Num Lines

integer

0 to 9

Number of input lines used in this device.

Input Frequency 1

integer

0 to 999

Present input frequency in 0.1 Hz.

Input Voltage 1

integer

0 to 9999

Present input voltage in 0.1 volts.

Input Current 1

integer

0 to 9999

Present input current in 0.1 RMS Amps.

Input Power 1

integer

0 to 99999

Present input true power in Watts.

Input Frequency 2

integer

0 to 999

Present input frequency in 0.1 Hz.

Input Voltage 2

integer

0 to 9999

Present input voltage in 0.1 volts.

Input Current 2

integer

0 to 9999

Present input current in 0.1 RMS Amps.

Input Power 2

integer

0 to 99999

Present input true power in Watts.

Input Frequency 3

integer

0 to 999

Present input frequency in 0.1 Hz.

Input Voltage 3

integer

0 to 9999

Present input voltage in 0.1 volts.

Input Current 3

integer

0 to 9999

Present input current in 0.1 RMS Amps.

Input Power 3

integer

0 to 99999

Present input true power in Watts.

Output Group

Parameter Name Type Range Description

Output Source

integer

0 to 5

Present source of output power

  • 0 = Normal

  • 1 = On Bypass

  • 2 = Boosting

  • 3 = On Battery

  • 4 = Reducing

  • 5 = Other

Output Frequency

integer

0 to 999

Present output frequency in 0.1 Hz.

Output Num Lines

integer

0 to 9

Number of output lines used in this device.

Output Voltage 1

integer

0 to 9999

Present output voltage in 0.1 volts.

Output Current 1

integer

0 to 9999

Present output current in 0.1 RMS Amps.

Output Power 1

integer

0 to 99999

Present output true power in Watts.

Output Load 1

integer

0 to 999

Percent of UPS power capacity presently used.

Output Voltage 2

integer

0 to 9999

Present output voltage in 0.1 volts.

Output Current 2

integer

0 to 9999

Present output current in 0.1 RMS Amps.

Output Power 2

integer

0 to 99999

Present output true power in Watts.

Output Load 2

integer

0 to 999

Percent of UPS power capacity presently used.

Output Voltage 3

integer

0 to 9999

Present output voltage in 0.1 volts.

Output Current 3

integer

0 to 9999

Present output current in 0.1 RMS Amps.

Output Power 3

integer

0 to 99999

Present output true power in Watts.

Output Load 3

integer

0 to 999

Percent of UPS power capacity presently used.

Bypass Group

Parameter Name Type Range Description

Bypass Frequency

integer

0 to 999

Present bypass frequency in 0.1 Hz.

Bypass Num Lines

integer

0 to 9

Number of bypass lines used in this device.

Bypass Voltage 1

integer

0 to 9999

Present bypass voltage in 0.1 volts.

Bypass Current 1

integer

0 to 9999

Present bypass current in 0.1 RMS Amps.

Bypass Power 1

integer

0 to 99999

Present bypass true power in Watts.

Bypass Voltage 2

integer

0 to 9999

Present bypass voltage in 0.1 volts.

Bypass Current 2

integer

0 to 9999

Present bypass current in 0.1 RMS Amps.

Bypass Power 2

integer

0 to 99999

Present bypass true power in Watts.

Bypass Voltage 3

integer

0 to 9999

Present bypass voltage in 0.1 volts.

Bypass Current 3

integer

0 to 9999

Present bypass current in 0.1 RMS Amps.

Bypass Power 3

integer

0 to 99999

Present bypass true power in Watts.

Alarm Group

Parameter Name Type Range Description

Alarm Temperature

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = Temperature OK

  • 1 = Over Temperature

Alarm Input Bad

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = Input OK

  • 1 = Input Fault

Alarm Output Bad

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = Output OK

  • 1 = Output Fault

Alarm Overload

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = UPS not Overloaded

  • 1 = UPS Overloaded

Alarm Bypass Bad

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = Bypass OK

  • 1 = Bypass Fault

Alarm Output Off

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = Output On

  • 1 = Output Off

Alarm UPS Shutdown

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = UPS not Shutdown

  • 1 = UPS Shutdown

Alarm Charger Failure

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = Charger OK

  • 1 = Charger Fault

Alarm System Off

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = System On

  • 1 = System Off

Alarm Fan Failure

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = Fan OK

  • 1 = Fan Fault

Alarm Fuse Failure

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = Fuse OK

  • 1 = Fuse Fault

Alarm General Fault

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = General system OK

  • 1 = General system Fault

Alarm Awaiting Power

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = Not Awaiting Power

  • 1 = Awaiting Power

Alarm Shutdown Pending

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = No Shutdown Pending

  • 1 = Shutdown Pending

Alarm Shutdown Imminent

integer

0 or 1

  • 0 = No Shutdown Imminent

  • 1 = Shutdown Imminent

Test Group

Parameter Name Type Length/Range Description

Test Results Summary

integer

0 to 5

  • 0 = No test performed

  • 1 = Test Passed

  • 2 = Test in progress

  • 3 = General Test failed

  • 4 = Battery Test failed

  • 5 = Deep Battery Test failed

Test Results Detail

string

0 to 64

Additional information about the last self test.

Test Type

integer

-1 to 3

  • -1 = Abort test in progress

  • 0 = No test

  • 1 = General System Test

  • 2 = Quick Battery Test

  • 3 = Deep Battery Calibration

Control Group

Parameter Name Type Range Description

Shutdown Type

integer

1 or 2

Shutdown action to be taken:

  • 1 = UPS output only

  • 2 = Entire UPS

Shutdown After Delay

integer

-1 to 9999999

Perform shutdown action defined by Shutdown Type after indicated number seconds.

  • -1 = Cancel shutdown

  • 0 = Shutdown immediately

Startup After Delay

integer

-1 to 9999999

Start output after indicated number of seconds.

  • -1 = Cancel countdown

  • 0 = Start output immediately

Reboot With Duration

integer

0 to 9999999

Perform immediate shutdown action defined by Shutdown Type and wait indicated number of seconds before restarting.

Auto Restart

integer

1 or 2

Flag indicating whether UPS should be automatically restarted after a shutdown.

  • 1 = Automatic Restart

  • 2 = Manual Restart

Configuration Group

Parameter Name Type Range/Length Description

Nominal Input Voltage

integer

0 to 999

Nominal input voltage in Volts.

Nominal Input Frequency

integer

0 to 999

Nominal input frequency in 0.1 Hz.

Nominal Output Voltage

integer

0 to 999

Nominal output voltage in Volts.

Nominal Output Frequency

integer

0 to 999

Nominal output frequency in 0.1 Hz.

Nominal Volt-Amp Rating

integer

0 to 99999

Nominal Volt-Amp rating.

Nominal Output Power

integer

0 to 99999

Nominal true power rating in Watts.

Nominal Low Battery Time

integer

0 to 99

Number of estimated minutes remaining at which a low battery condition is declared.

Audible Alarm

integer

0 to 4

State of the audible alarm

  • 1 = Disabled

  • 2 = Enabled

  • 3 = Muted

  • 4 = Disabled Until Low Battery Warning

Low Voltage Transfer Point

integer

0 to 999

Minimum input line voltage in Volts before UPS transfers to battery backup.

High Voltage Transfer Point

integer

0 to 999

Maximum input line voltage in Volts before UPS transfers to battery backup.

Battery Installed Date

string

8

The date that the battery was installed in the UPS [format mmddyyyy]

Nominal Battery Life

integer

0 to 99999

The length of nominal useful battery life in days.

Baud Rate

Parameter Name Type Range Description

UPS Baud Rate

integer

See Description

Baud rate of the UPS. Valid values are 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600 and 19200.

ID Number Assignments

ID # Parameter Command Group

1

Alarm Awaiting Power

ST5

Alarm

2

Alarm Bypass Bad

ST5

Alarm

3

Alarm Charger Failure

ST5

Alarm

4

Alarm Fan Failure

ST5

Alarm

5

Alarm Fuse Failure

ST5

Alarm

6

Alarm General Fault

ST5

Alarm

7

Alarm Input Bad

ST5

Alarm

8

Alarm Output Bad

ST5

Alarm

9

Alarm Output Off

ST5

Alarm

10

Alarm Overload

ST5

Alarm

11

Alarm Shutdown Imminent

ST5

Alarm

12

Alarm Shutdown Pending

ST5

Alarm

13

Alarm System Off

ST5

Alarm

14

Alarm Temperature

ST5

Alarm

15

Alarm UPS Shutdown

ST5

Alarm

16

Audible Alarm

NOM

Configuration

17

Auto Restart

ATR

Control

18

Battery Charge

ST1

Battery

19

Battery Condition

ST1

Battery

20

Battery Current

ST1

Battery

21

Battery Installed Date

NOM

Configuration

22

Battery Status

ST1

Battery

23

Battery Temperature

ST1

Battery

24

Battery Voltage

ST1

Battery

25

Bypass Current 1

ST4

Bypass

26

Bypass Current 2

ST4

Bypass

27

Bypass Current 3

ST4

Bypass

28

Bypass Frequency

ST4

Bypass

29

Bypass Num Lines

ST4

Bypass

30

Bypass Power 1

ST4

Bypass

31

Bypass Power 2

ST4

Bypass

32

Bypass Power 3

ST4

Bypass

33

Bypass Voltage 1

ST4

Bypass

34

Bypass Voltage 2

ST4

Bypass

35

Bypass Voltage 3

ST4

Bypass

36

Estimated Charge

ST1

Bypass

37

Estimated Minutes

ST1

Bypass

38

High Voltage Transfer Point

NOM

Configuration

39

Identification

UID

Identification

40

Input Current 1

ST2

Input

41

Input Current 2

ST2

Input

42

Input Current 3

ST2

Input

43

Input Frequency 1

ST2

Input

44

Input Frequency 2

ST2

Input

45

Input Frequency 3

ST2

Input

46

Input Line Bads

ST2

Input

47

Input Num Lines

ST2

Input

48

Input Power 1

ST2

Input

49

Input Power 2

ST2

Input

50

Input Power 3

ST2

Input

51

Input Voltage 1

ST2

Input

52

Input Voltage 2

ST2

Input

53

Input Voltage 3

ST2

Input

54

Low Voltage Transfer Point

NOM

Configuration

55

Manufacturer

MAN

Identification

56

Model

MOD

Identification

57

Nominal Battery Life

NOM

Configuration

58

Nominal Input Frequency

NOM

Configuration

59

Nominal Input Voltage

NOM

Configuration

60

Nominal Low Battery Time

NOM

Configuration

61

Nominal Output Frequency

NOM

Configuration

62

Nominal Output Power

NOM

Configuration

63

Nominal Output Voltage

NOM

Configuration

64

Nominal Volt-Amp Rating

NOM

Configuration

65

Output Current 1

ST3

Output

66

Output Current 2

ST3

Output

67

Output Current 3

ST3

Output

68

Output Frequency

ST3

Output

69

Output Load 1

ST3

Output

70

Output Load 2

ST3

Output

71

Output Load 3

ST3

Output

72

Output Num Lines

ST3

Output

73

Output Power 1

ST3

Output

74

Output Power 2

ST3

Output

75

Output Power 3

ST3

Output

76

Output Source

ST3

Output

77

Output Voltage 1

ST3

Output

78

Output Voltage 2

ST3

Output

79

Output Voltage 3

ST3

Output

80

Reboot With Duration

RWD

Control

81

Seconds on Battery

ST1

Battery

82

Shutdown Type

SDA

Control

83

Shutdown After Delay

PSD

Control

84

Software Version

VER

Identification

85

Startup After Delay

STD

Control

86

Test Results Detail

STR

Test

87

Test Results Summary

STR

Test

88

Test Type

TST

Test

89

UPS Baud Rate

UBR

Configuration

Communications

Operating Parameters

Baud Rate

2400 (default - can be modified with the UBR command)

Data Bits

8

Stop Bits

1

Parity

None

Message Format

Header Message Type Data Length Data

(1 byte)

(1 byte)

(3 bytes)

(128 bytes max)

Header

The message header is a single byte of data. The header will be a ^ (carat) character.

Message Type

The message type is a single byte of data. The type will be one of the following:

0

Command rejected

(from UPS to attached system)

1

Command accepted

(from UPS to attached system)

P

Poll command

(from attached system to UPS)

S

Set command

(from attached system to UPS)

*

Unsolicited data

(from UPS to attached system)

D

Data returned

(from UPS to attached system)

Data Length

The data length is the number of bytes of data passed.

Data

All data will be comma delimited. The variables should comply with the order specified in sections Poll Commands and Set Commands. If a variable value is not currently available, a comma with no data should be placed in the variable location. It is not necessary to provide commas beyond the last data value. For example, the ST1 command (Battery group) can return up to 9 data values. If only the 2nd, 4th and 6th variables have valid data, the UPS response will have the following format:

^D010,1,,22,,82

Note that it is not necessary to provide the final 3 commas since there is no valid data for the final 3 variables.

Messages from the attached system to the UPS

Poll Commands

Command Description Max Data Length (bytes) Parameters Returned

AP1

Available Parameters 1

128

Comma delimited parameter ID numbers indicating which parameters are available from the UPS. (ID #'s 1-46)

AP2

Available Parameters 1

128

Comma delimited parameter ID numbers indicating which parameters are available from the UPS. (ID #'s 47-89)

ATR

Auto Reboot

1

Auto reboot parameter

MAN

UPS Manufacturer

32

Manufacturer

MOD

UPS Model

64

UPS Model

NOM

UPS Nominal Values

55

Nominal Input Voltage, Nominal Input Frequency, Nominal Output Voltage, Nominal Output Frequency, Nominal VA Rating, Nominal Output Power, Low Battery Time, Audible Alarm, Low Voltage Transfer Point, High Voltage Transfer Point, Battery Installed Date, Nominal Battery Life

SDA

Shutdown Action

1

Shutdown Type

ST1

Status group 1 (Battery)

32

Battery Condition, Battery Status, Battery Charge, Seconds on Battery, Estimated Minutes, Estimated Charge, Battery Voltage, Battery Current, Battery Temperature

ST2

Status group 2 (Input)

65

Input Line Bads, Input Num Lines, Input Frequency 1, Input Voltage 1, Input Current 1, Input Power 1, Input Frequency 2, Input Voltage 2, Input Current 2, Input Power 2, Input Frequency 3, Input Voltage 3, Input Current 3, Input Power 3

ST3

Status group 3 (Output)

66

Output Source, Output Frequency, Output Num Lines, Output Voltage 1, Output Current 1, Output Power 1, Output Load 1, Output Voltage 2, Output Current 2, Output Power 2, Output Load 2, Output Voltage 3, Output Current 3, Output Power 3, Output Load 3

ST4

Status group 4 (Bypass)

53

Bypass Frequency, Bypass Num Lines, Bypass Voltage 1, Bypass Current 1, Bypass Power 1, Bypass Voltage 2, Bypass Current 2, Bypass Power 2, Bypass Voltage 3, Bypass Current 3, Bypass Power 3

ST5

Status group 5 (Alarm)

29

Alarm Temperature, Alarm Input Bad, Alarm Output Bad, Alarm Overload, Alarm Bypass Bad, Alarm Output Off, Alarm UPS Shutdown, Alarm Charger Failure, Alarm System Off, Alarm Fan Failure, Alarm Fuse Failure, Alarm General Fault, Alarm Awaiting Power, Alarm Shutdown Pending, Alarm Shutdown Imminent

STR

Selft Test Results

66

Selft Test Result Summary, Self Test Result Details

UBR

UPS Baud Rate

5

UPS Baud Rate

UID

UPS Identification

64

UPS Identification

VER

UPS Version

32

UPS firmware and/or software version

Available Parameters

The AP1 command will return a string of data which specifies which of the parameters (1-46) are available from the UPS. The data will be a list of supported ID numbers separated by commas. If a parameter is supported, that ID number is included in this list. If the parameter is not supported, that ID number will not be returned.

The AP2 command is identical to the AP1 command except that it specifies which of the parameters (47-89) are available from the UPS.

UPS Identification

The ATR poll command will return 1 byte of data which provides the Auto Reboot value stored in the UPS.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Auto Reboot

1

integer

The MAN command will return up to 32 bytes of data which provide the UPS Manufacturer value stored in the UPS.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Manufacturer

32

string

The MOD command will return up to 64 bytes of data which provide the UPS Model Number value stored in the UPS.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Model

64

string

The SDA poll command will return 1 byte of data which provides the Shutdown Type value stored in the UPS.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Shutdown Type

1

integer

The UID command will return up to 64 bytes of data which provide the UPS Identificatioj string value stored in the UPS.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

UPS Identification

64

string

The VER command will return up to 32 bytes of data which provide the UPS Software/Hardware version value(s) stored in the UPS.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Software Version

32

string

The NOM command will return up to 55 bytes of data (including commas) which provide the UPS Nominal values stored in the UPS. All values are comma delimited.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Nominal Input Voltage

3

volts

Nominal Input Frequency

3

0.1 Hz

Nominal Output Voltage

3

volts

Nominal Output Frequency

3

0.1 Hz

Nominal VA Rating

5

volt-amps

Nominal Output Power

5

watts

Low Battery Time

2

minutes

Audible Alarm

1

  • 1 = disabled

  • 2 = enabled

  • 3 = muted

  • 4 = disabled until low battery

Low Voltage Transfer Point

3

volts

High Voltage Transfer Point

3

volts

Battery Installed Date

8

mmddyyyy

Nominal Battery Life

5

days

UPS Status

The ST1 command will return up to 32 bytes of data (including commas) which provide dynamic information about the status of the UPS. All values are comma delimited.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Battery Condition

1

  • 0 = Good

  • 1 = Weak

  • 2 = Replace

Battery Status

1

  • 0 = Battery OK

  • 1 = Battery Low

  • 2 = Battery Depleted

Battery Charge

1

  • 0 = Floating

  • 1 = Charging

  • 2 = Resting

  • 3 = Discharging

Seconds On Battery

5

seconds

Estimated Minutes

3

minutes

Estimated Charge

3

percent

Battery Voltage

4

0.1 volts

Battery Current

4

0.1 amps

Battery Temperature

2

degrees

The ST2 command will return up to 65 bytes of data (including commas) which provide dynamic information about the status of the UPS. All values are comma delimited.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Input Line Bads

3

integer

Input Num Lines

1

integer (1-3)

Input Frequency 1

3

0.1 Hz

Input Voltage 1

4

0.1 volts

Input Current 1

4

0.1 amps

Input Power 1

5

watts

Input Frequency 2

3

0.1 Hz

Input Voltage 2

4

0.1 volts

Input Current 2

4

0.1 amps

Input Power 2

5

watts

Input Frequency 3

3

0.1 Hz

Input Voltage 3

4

0.1 volts

Input Current 3

4

0.1 amps

Input Power 3

5

watts

The ST3 command will return up to 66 bytes of data (including commas) which provide dynamic information about the status of the UPS. All values are comma delimited.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Output Source

1

  • 0 = Normal

  • 1 = On Battery

  • 2 = On Bypass

  • 3 = Reducing

  • 4 = Boosting

  • 5 = Other

Output Frequency

3

0.1 Hz

Output Num Lines

1

integer (1-3)

Output Voltage 1

4

0.1 volts

Output Current 1

4

0.1 amps

Output Power 1

5

watts

Output Load 1

3

percent

Output Voltage 2

4

0.1 volts

Output Current 2

4

0.1 amps

Output Power 2

5

watts

Output Load 2

3

percent

Output Voltage 3

4

0.1 volts

Output Current 3

4

0.1 amps

Output Power 3

5

watts

Output Load 3

3

percent

The ST4 command will return up to 53 bytes of data (including commas) which provide dynamic information about the status of the UPS. All values are commad delimited.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Bypass Frequency

3

0.1 Hz

Bypass Num Lines

1

integer (1-3)

Bypass Voltage 1

4

0.1 volts

Bypass Current 1

4

0.1 amps

Bypass Power 1

5

watts

Bypass Voltage 2

4

0.1 volts

Bypass Current 2

4

0.1 amps

Bypass Power 2

5

watts

Bypass Voltage 3

4

0.1 volts

Bypass Current 3

4

0.1 amps

Bypass Power 3

5

watts

The ST5 command will return up to 29 bytes of data (including commas) which provide dynamic information about the status of the UPS. All values are comma delimited.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Alarm Temperature

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Input Bad

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Output Bad

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Overload

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Bypass Bad

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Output Off

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm UPS Shutdown

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Charger Failure

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm System Off

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Fan Failure

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Fuse Failure

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm General Fault

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Awaiting Power

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Shutdown Pending

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

Alarm Shutdown Imminent

1

  • 0 = No Alarm Active

  • 1 = Alarm Active

The STR3 command will return up to 66 bytes of data (including commas) which provide the detailed result of the most recent UPS self test performed. All values are comma delimited.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

Test Results Summary

1

  • 0 = No test performed

  • 1 = Test passed

  • 2 = Test in progress

  • 3 = General test failed

  • 4 = Battery test failed

  • 5 = Deep test failed

Test Results Detail

64

string

The UBR command will return up to 5 bytes of data showing the UPS baud rate.

Parameter Name Max Length Units

UPS Baud Rate

5

1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200

Set Commands

Command Description Max Length Data Parameter Set

ATR

If ON, UPS system will restart after a shutdown.

If OFF, UPS must be restart manually.

1

  • 1 = ON (auto)

  • 2 = OFF (manual)

Auto Reboot

NOM

Sets configuration group values.

55

Configuration group parameters (comma delimited)

Nominal Input Voltage, Nominal Input Frequency, Nominal Output Voltage, Nominal Output Frequency, Nominal volt-amp rating, Nominal Output Power, Nominal Low Battery Time, Audible alarm state, Low Volt Transfer Point, High Volt Transfer Point, Battery Installed Date, Nominal Battery Life

PSD

Performs shutdown action defined bt the Shutdown Type after the indicated number of seconds.

7

  • -1 = Abort

  • 0 = Immediate

  • >0 = seconds until shutdown

Shutdown After Delay

RWD

Immediately performs shutdown action defined by Shutdown Type, then restarts after indicated number of seconds.

7

Seconds

Reboot With Duration

SDA

Defines action to be taken at UPS shutdown.

1

  • 1 = UPS output

  • 2 = UPS system

Shutdown Type

STD

Starts UPS output after indicated number of seconds.

1

  • -1 = Abort

  • 0 = Immediate

  • >0 = seconds until startup

Startup After Delay

TST

Test

2

  • -1 = Abort Test

  • 0 = No effect

  • 1 = General Test

  • 2 = Battery Test

  • 3 = Deep Test

Test Type

UBR

Sets UPS baud rate

5

1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200

UPS baud rate

UID

Sets UPS ID string

64

ID string

Identification

Communication Examples

Following are examples of commands that may be sent to a UPS, and responses to those commands from the UPS.

Poll commands examples

Host requests the Available parameters (part 1):
^P003AP1
^

Header character

P

Record type (poll request)

003

Number of data bytes to follow

AP1

Request for Available parameters (part 1)

UPS responds:
^D0196,10,21,22,23,36,37
^

Header character

D

Record type (Data returned in reponse to poll)

019

number of data bytes to follow

6

Alarm General fault supported

10

Alarm overload supported

21

Battery installed date supported

22

Battery status supported

23

Battery Temperature supported

36

Estimated charge supported

37

Estimated minutes supported

Host requests the UPS Manufacturer:
^P003MAN
UPS responds:
^0
^

Header character

0

Record type (command rejected/not supported)

Host requests the UPS Model:
^P003MOD
UPS responds:
^D010Model 9999
010

Number of data bytes to follow

Model 9999

Model number

Host requests the Nominal parameters:
^P003NOM
UPS responds:
^D025,,,,900,,,,,,04171995,750
025

Number of data bytes to follow

900

Nominal Volt/amp rating

04171995

Battery installed date

750

Nominal Battery Life

Host requests the Status parameters (part 1 - Battery):
^P003ST1
UPS responds:
^D015,0,,,10,90,,,35
015

Number of data bytes to follow

0

Battery status normal

10

Estimated minutes

90

Estimated charge

35

Battery temperature

Host requests the Status parameters (part 2 - Input):
^P003ST2
UPS responds:
^D007,,,1180
007

Number of data bytes to follow

1180

Input voltage 1 (118.0 volts)

Note Since no other parameters after Input Voltage 1 are returned, it is not necessary to provide the comma delimiters.
Host requests the Status parameters (part 3 - Output):
^P003ST3
UPS responds:
^D007,,,1200
007

Number of data bytes to follow

1200

Output voltage 1 (120.0 volts)

Host requests the Status parameters (part 5 - Alarms):
^P003ST5
UPS responds:
^D013,,,1,,,,,,,,0
013

Number of data bytes to follow

1

Alarm overload (true)

0

Alarm general fault (false)

Host requests the UPS Self test results:
^P003STR
UPS responds:
^D0011
^

Header character

D

Record type (Data returned in response to poll)

001

Number of data bytes to follow

1

Self test passed

SET Commands Examples

Host attempts to set the UPS identification string:
^S008UIDA UPS
^

Header character

S

Record type (set request)

008

Number of data bytes to follow

UID

Request to set UPS Idenification string

A UPS

UPS Identification string

Host attempts to set the UPS Baud Rate:
^S007UBR9600
Host attempts to set the perform test variable:
^S004TST1
Host attempts to set the Shutdown action:
^S004SDA1
Host attempts to set the Perform Shutdown:
^S006PSD120
Host attempts to set the Nominal values:
^S015NOM120,60,,,600
015

Number of data bytes to follow

NOM

Request to set nominal values

120

Nominal Input Voltage

60

Nominal Input Frequency

600

Nominal VA Rating

Revision History

Revision Date Comments

1.0

10/15/94

Initial draft.

1.1

11/01/94

Downsized packet sizes.

1.2

12/01/94

Increased packet sized.

1.3

01/14/95

Added RWD command.

Added ID# assignment table.

1.4

01/25/95

Split ST command into ST1, ST2, ST3, ST4.

Split AP command into AP1, AP2.

Replaced ID command with MAN, MOD, VER, UID, NOM.

Removed checksum from packets.

Increased the command length to 3 characters.

Modified data lengths so all packets are <= 64 bytes.

Added STR command to retrieve selft test result details.

Split ‘bitwise’ integers into separate integer fields.

1.5

02/01/95

Modified ST1 description in sections Poll Commands and UPS Status.

Split out Battery Status integer to multiple status integers to match sections Battery Group and Poll Commands.

Modified ST4 description in sections Poll Commands and UPS Status.

Moved the Test Results SUmmary from the ST4 response into the STR response.

Modified the STR description in section UPS Status.

Split ST4 command into ST4 and ST5.

Changed temperature scale from centigrade to Celsius.

Corrected spelling errors in Rev 1.4.

Changed ‘Header’ Character to ^ character.

Changed ‘NAK’ to 0 for NAK, +1 for ACK.

Modified Nominal Output Power to length of 5.

Modified Input Power 1, 2, 3 to length of 5.

Modified Output Power 1, 2, 3 to length of 5.

2.0

04/17/95

Modified ST1 command to make battery status 1 byte.

Added example communication loops between host and UPS.

Modified TST to accept 9 as the abort test in progress.

Modified Input power fields to be a maximum of 5 digits.

Modified Input current fields to be a maximum of 4 digits.

Added Battery Installed date - 8 characters (MMDDYYYY).

Added Nominal Battery Life - 5 characters (in days).

2.1

04/20/95

Modified Bypass power data length to 5 bytes maximum.

Increased all voltage data to 4 bytes maximum (Voltage values will now represent voltages in .1 volts).

Added poll commands:

  • UBR — UPS Baud Rate

  • SDA — Shutdown Action

  • SDT — Shutoff delay time

  • RWD — Reboot with delay

  • TST — Test type

  • PSD — Perform Shutdown

  • STD — Startup delay

  • ATR — Auto Reboot

2.2

05/10/95

Corrected data lengths of the set commands TST, PSD and STD. (Section Set Commands).

Replaced Abort Test in Progress, Deep Battery Calibration, General Systems Test and Quick Battery test with Test Type.

Made the lengths of Nominal Input Frequency and Nominal Output Frequency consistently 3 digits throughout the protocol.

Made the length of Nominal Output Power consistently 5 digits throughout the protocol.

Replaced the INV, INF, ONV, ONF, NVA, NOP, LBT, AAS, LVT, HVT, BID and NBF set commands with the NOM set command.

2.3

06/05/95

Minor clean-up changes-

Changed data length to 3 bytes.

Removed PSD, RWD, STD and TST poll commands.

2.4

06/09/95

Changed Shutdown UPS parameter to Shutdown After Delay.

Moved UPS Baud Rate from the Configuration group.

Modified description of Auto Restart.

Removed Shutoff Delay Time paramater and STD command.

Modified parameter return order for ST1 and NOM.

Increased range of Bypass Currents to 9999.

Changed Power units from 0.1 watts to watts.

Modified PSD command.

2.5

06/13/95

Minor clean-up changes.

2.6

06/22/95

Added section Message Format → Data to explain comma delimited data.

Modified maximum data size in section Message Format.

Added Discharging (3) to sections Battery Group and UPS Status.

Added Disabled Until Low Battery (4) to Audible Alarm in section UPS Identification.

Added NOM example to section SET Commands Examples.